Bone Cancer

Primary bone cancers (those that originate in the bone) represent less than 0.2 percent of all cancers. The most common types occur most frequently in children and adolescents and are especially rare in middle-aged adults.

The most common form of bone sarcoma in adults is chondrosarcoma. It usually occurs in adults between the sixth and eighth decades of life. This form of cancer is treated by surgery alone, as radiation therapy and chemotherapy are not effective for this entity. Ohio State's Comprehensive Cancer Center – James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute has the only physician in central Ohio who is an expert in the management of chondrosarcoma.

The Division of Musculoskeletal Oncology at The James stands at the forefront of research and patient care in this rapidly changing field. Division Director Joel Mayerson, MD, is among the rare orthopaedic surgeons who specialize in musculoskeletal oncology. He leads a multidisciplinary team of medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and pathologists focused on early detection and treatment. He also works with Children’s Hospital of Columbus to ensure the best possible treatment for young patients battling the disease.

A good example of the advances made by the musculoskeletal oncology team at The James is the surgery performed by Dr. Mayerson that saved a 10-year-old boy’s leg by replacing the femur with a newly designed expandable prosthesis. It was the first use in the United States of a total femur prosthesis that can be lengthened without surgery as the patient grows.

As one of only four institutions approved by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to conduct phase I and II clinical trials on NCI sponsored anticancer agents, the OSUCCC – James has access to more leading-edge targeted cancer therapies than most hospitals across America. That translates to better outcomes, fewer side effects and more hope. Search open cancer clinical trials​.​

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If you have questions about bone cancer, please call The James Line – a free cancer information resource and physician referral service – at 614-293-5066 or 1-800-293-5066 (outside Franklin County) or e-mail now. The James Line oncology nurses can be reached Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. (except weekends and holidays).

The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC – James) 460 W. 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 Phone: 1-800-293-5066 | Email: